Frequently Asked Questions

  • A family member has passed away. Are there any benefits from the Government that I can apply for?

    There are survivor benefits under the Canada Pension Plan:

    • surviving spouse’s pension,
    • orphan’s benefits, and
    • death benefits.

    Contact CPP for more details:


  • A similar named organization to my own is planning on incorporating. Do I have to sue them to stop using the name or will the Companies Office look into this when they apply?

    The Companies Office will review the names of organizations submitted and make sure that they are not too similar to existing names on their record. If the names are confusing then registration of the business name will be rejected.

  • A young child has contacted me with concerns about their treatment in the care of Child and Family Services (CFS). Who can I contact for assistance?

    The Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth (MACY) provides support and advocacy for individuals involved in the Child and Family Services system. They can be contacted at (204) 988-7440 or 1-800-263-7146. They are located at 100 – 346 Portage Avenue.

  • After I move out, how long does my landlord have to return my security/damage deposit?

    If your landlord has no claim against the damage deposit (for example the unit was not damaged) your landlord has 14 days after the date of the termination of your tenancy to return the damage deposit, as well as any interest.

    If there is a claim for damage, your landlord has 28 days after the date of the termination of the tenancy to inform you of the claim by written notice. If your landlord’s claim is less than the damage deposit, the excess must be returned to you.

  • Am I able to take the For the Sake of the Children course?

    Yes, you are.  For the Sake of the Children is now being offered temporarily as an on-line course.

    Information about the course

    Course Materials

  • Am I entitled to be paid for acting under a Power of Attorney?

    You are not automatically entitled to be compensated for your work as an attorney. If the Power of Attorney document does not set out any rate of compensation you could request fair and reasonable compensation from the court.

  • Are all criminal offences heard before a judge and jury?

    No. All summary conviction offences, including hybrid offences which are being dealt with summarily, are heard by a Provincial Court judge without a jury. Some less serious indictable offences also must be tried by a Provincial Court judge. There are some very serious indictable offences that may only be tried by a judge of the Court of King’s Bench with a jury. Such offences include murder and conspiracy to commit murder. Other indictable offences allow an accused person to choose (or elect) whether to be tried in Provincial Court, in the Court of King’s Bench by a judge and jury, or in the Court of King’s Bench by a judge alone.

  • Are COVID-19 vaccines safe?

    There are currently four COVID-19 vaccines that have been approved for use in Canada: Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Astra-Zeneca, and Janssen (Johnson & Johnson). A vaccine is only approved by Health Canada when there is sufficient data showing that it is safe and effective. You can find more information about how vaccines are approved, and a list of other vaccines currently under review here.

    As with any vaccine, there may be side effects associated with receiving a COVID-19 vaccine. You can read more about the side effects here. If you have concerns about receiving the vaccine, you should consult with your doctor before being vaccinated.

    You can read more about the vaccines by visiting the Government of Canada’s website here, or visiting the Government of Manitoba’s vaccine Q&A page here.

    You can also find more information about COVID-19 vaccines for youth and young adults here.

  • Are hearings at the Manitoba Labour Board postponed?

    As of June 25, 2021, the Manitoba Labour Board has resumed some of its activities, including hearings. For more information, visit the Board’s website here:

    Manitoba Labour Board

  • Are the courts hearing out of custody criminal matters?

    All out of custody criminal trials in the Court of King’s Bench will resume in-person starting March 7th, 2022. For more details, see the March 1st court notice here.

    All out of custody criminal trials and preliminary hearings in Provincial Court will proceed as scheduled, in both major court centres and circuit courts. For more information, see the February 18, 2022 notice here.

    The Provincial Offences court office at 373 Broadway in Winnipeg is once again open to the public as of February 28, 2022, and matters may be heard in person. For more information, see the February 18, 2022 notice here.

    PTC/PCC court (or “paper court”) appearances will be held virtually. Lawyers will be able to call in and handle these appearances ahead of time. If you are representing yourself on one of these matters, see the June 8, 2021 Notice for instructions.

  • Are the courts hearing small claims matters?

    Small Claims Court will resume in-person hearings on June 8, 2020.

    Adjourned hearings set between March 17 and June 7, 2020 will be assigned to an administrative list by teleconference.

    Call the court if you have not received a letter by June 3, 2020:

  • Are the courts still hearing child protection matters?

    Child Protection dockets started up again on April 15, 2020. Only agency counsel and lawyers for the parents will appear by teleconference. Parents can ask their lawyers to call them, so they can participate on speaker phone.

  • Are the courts still hearing child protection matters?

    Starting March 7th, 2022, child protection trials, intake lists, and pre-trial conference lists will proceed in person. This will be the first step in a gradual lifting of restrictions that will end with a full return to pre-pandemic practices in September of 2022.

    For more details, see the March 1st court notice here:


  • Are the courts still hearing family law matters?

    All family matters set to proceed before a Master on or after May 25 will proceed. These matters may proceed remotely, for safety reasons.

    All family trials scheduled for May 26 or later will proceed as scheduled. Only people who are necessary to the trial will be allowed into court. Safety precautions will remain in effect at all court locations.

    For more information about whether your matter is proceeding, please contact your court centre:

    View website

  • Are the courts still hearing family law matters?

    As of September 6, 2022, most family matters are once again being held in person. COVID-19 protocols will still need to be followed. For more information, see the following notices:

  • Are the courts still holding bail hearings?

    Yes. Bail hearings are being held remotely. Accused persons being held in custody are appearing by video, wherever possible. Counsel are allowed to appear remotely or in person.

    If you are applying to act as a surety for an accused person and want to address the court, speak to the accused person’s lawyer ahead of the bail hearing.

  • Are the courts still holding jury trials?

    Starting March 7th, 2022, all jury trials will resume in person.

    For more details, see the March 1st court notice here:

  • Are the courts still scheduling court tours?

    Yes. For information about availability, see the booking page here.

  • Are there any benefits that I can apply for if I have been laid off or terminated as a result of COVID-19?

    There are various benefits available, including Employment Insurance and CERB.
    Under CERB, you will receive $500 per week, for up to 16 weeks. This is taxable income. CERB has been extended. People who do not qualify for Employment Insurance, students, seasonal workers, people whose Employment Insurance has run out as of January 1, 2020, can apply.
    You can apply online or by calling 1-800-959-2019 or 1-800-959-2041.

    View online application.

    If you qualify for Employment Insurance, and you will be unemployed for longer than 4 months, you should apply for EI. For the first 4 months, whether you apply under CERB or EI, you will receive $2,000 per month.

    View website.

  • Are there any changes at the Appeal Commission?

    The Appeal Commission hears appeals from the Workers Compensation Board Review Office or the Reconsideration Committee. They also hear appeals from victims of crime filed under The Criminal Injuries Compensation Act and The Victims’ Bill of Rights. They are holding hearings by video conference or teleconference.

  • Are there any documents besides a passport I will need to travel alone with my child?

    A consent letter may be required in addition to a passport for children traveling with only one parent, legal guardian, or supervising adult. The Government of Canada has a sample consent letter for travel with a child, which can be found here.

    Documents providing evidence of the parenting arrangements for separated or divorced parents may also be helpful. A copy of the court order granting guardianship for legal guardians may be requested. You may want to contact the embassy or consulate for the country for additional entry requirements. Global Affairs Canada can be contacted at: