Frequently Asked Questions
You have the right to work in a safe environment, and to work free from discrimination or harassment. If you feel you are being discriminated against or harassed at the workplace, you have the right to file a complaint with the Manitoba Human Rights Commission.
Yes. The Employment Standards Code sets out minimums that apply to most Manitoba workers:
Employers can provide more than the minimums, but they cannot provide less, even if you sign a contract agreeing to it. The minimums are the same for full time and part time employees.
The Employment Standards Code does not apply if you work as an independent contractor or work in a federally regulated industry. Some industries also have exceptions to some of the minimums. For more information, visit the Employment Standards website at https://www.gov.mb.ca/labour/standards/index.html or call 204-945-3352 (toll-free 1-800-821-4307).
By law, your workplace must have a policy for dealing with such complaints. If you wish to proceed with a complaint under your workplace’s policy, you should consult the policy for the proper procedure.
You also have the right to make a complaint to the Manitoba Human Rights Commission. You do not have to go through your workplace’s policy first. Complaints to the Commission must be made within one year of the incident—or if the harassment is ongoing, within one year of the most recent incident.
If you work in a federally regulated industry, you would make a complaint to the Canadian Human Rights Commission instead:
If you are a member of a union, your collective agreement may set out the process for complaints. However, if you believe your human rights have been violated, you are still entitled to make a claim to the Manitoba Human Rights Commission (or Canadian Human Rights Commission, for federally regulated industries).
Under Manitoba’s The Human Rights Code, an employer’s failure to take reasonable steps to stop harassment after it has been reported is itself a form of harassment. You can report such harassment to the Manitoba Human Rights Commission (or Canadian Human Rights Commission, for federally regulated industries).
Maybe. In order to receive compensation, you would have to file a claim with the Workers Compensation Board of Manitoba (WCB). To make a claim, take the following steps:
The WCB will then assess your claim and decide whether or not you are eligible for compensation. If your claim is approved, you may be eligible to receive compensation for such things as lost wages, medication, and treatment costs.
Yes. If you believe your claim has been wrongly denied, discuss this with your case manager to see if you can come to a solution. If you cannot, you may fill out a Request for Review form and send it to:
If you are left unsatisfied by the Review Office’s decision, you may appeal to the Appeal Commission. For more information, call the scheduling co-ordinator at (204) 925-6114 (call collect if you are outside of Winnipeg).
First, you should discuss the problem with your employer, as they may have made an error and not realized it. If you cannot resolve the issue, you can file a claim with Employment Standards (the claim form is available here).
Note that you must make a claim within six months of your last day of work, or within six months of when the wages were due to be paid.
CanLII (or The Canadian Legal Information Institute) is a not-for-profit organization managed by the Federation of Law Societies of Canada. CanLII has a free database of legal information, including cases from each province and territory in Canada. You can search court decisions of various levels of court, tribunals, and administrative and regulatory bodies. There are also statutes and regulations available on the website, and legal commentary.
The Manitoba section of CanLII has court cases from the Manitoba Court of Appeal, Court of King’s Bench, and Provincial Court. There are decisions available from the Manitoba Human Rights Commission, Manitoba Labour Board, Manitoba Securities Commission, Manitoba Health Appeal Board, Labour Arbitration Awards, College of Physicians & Surgeons of Manitoba Discipline Committee, and the Manitoba Law Society Discipline Committee.
The E.K. Williams Law Library at Robson Hall has a collection of legal resources available to the public. They are located at 224 Dysart Road at the University of Manitoba and can be reached at 204-474-9995.